National Reports (sorted by date)

A Shared Sentence

A Shared Sentence: The Devastating Toll of Parental Incarceration on Kids, Families and Communities
The Annie. E Casey Foundation
April 2016

Restoring Justice: A Blueprint for Ensuring Fairness, Safety, and Supportive Treatment of LGBT Youth in the Juvenile Justice System
By Aisha C. Moodie-Mills and Christina Gilbert, Center for American Progress and The Equity Project
December 2014

Sticker Shock: Calculating the Full Price Tag for Youth Incarceration
Justice Policy Institute
December 2014

Life Goes On: The Historic Rise in Life Sentences in America
The Sentencing Project
September 2013

Gideon at 50: Three Reforms to Revive the Right to Counsel
Brennan Center for Justice
April 2013

Common Ground: Lessons Learned from Five States that Reduced Juvenile Confinement by More than Half
Justice Policy Institute
February 2013

The State of Sentencing 2012: Developments in Policy and Practice
The Sentencing Project
January 2013

Advances in Juvenile Justice Reform: 2009-2011
National Juvenile Justice Network
July 2012

Cruel and Unusual: U.S. Sentencing Practices in a Global Context
University of San Francisco School of Law
May 2012

The Lives of Juvenile Lifers: Findings from a National Survey
Ashley Nellis, The Sentencing Project
March 2012

Against All Odds: Prison Conditions for Youth Offenders Serving Life without Parole Sentences in the United States
Human Rights Watch
January 2012

Defending Childhood
Attorney General’s National Taskforce on Children Exposed to Violence

You’re an Adult Now: Youth in the Adult Criminal Justice System
National Institute of Corrections
December 2011

Moving Beyond Sides: The Power and Potential of a New Public Safety Policy Paradigm
Partnership for Safety and Justice
December 2011

A Just Alternative to Sentencing Youth to Life in Prison Without the Possibility of Parole
American Constitution Society, Jody Kent and Beth Colgan
March 2010

Cruel & unusual: Sentencing 13 and 14 year old children to die in prison
Equal Justice Initiative
November 2007

The rest of their lives: Life without parole for child offenders in the United States
Amnesty International & Human Rights Watch


State Specific Reports


When I Die, They’ll Send Me Home: Youth Sentenced to Life without Parole in California
Human Rights Watch
January 2008


Youth Matters: A Second Look for Connecticut’s Children Serving Long Prison Sentences
Civil Justice Clinic at Quinnipiac School of Law and Allard K. Lowenstein International Human Rights Clinic at Yale School of Law
March 2013

Juvenile Justice Reform in Connecticut: How Collaboration and Commitment Have Improved Public Safety and Outcomes for Youth
Justice Policy Institute
February 2013


Juvenile Life without Parole for Non-Homicide Offences: Florida Compared to Nation
Florida State University
September 2009


Categorically Less Culpable: Children Sentenced to Life without the Possibility of Parole in Illinois
The Illinois Coalition for the Fair Sentencing of Children
February 2008


Until They Die A Natural Death: Youth Sentenced to Life Without Parole in Massachusetts
Children’s Law Center of Massachusetts
September 2009


Basic Decency: Protecting the Human Rights of Children

An examination of natural life sentences for Michigan’s children, Second Chances 4 Youth

Second Chances: Juveniles Serving Life Sentences without Parole in Michigan Prisons
January 2006


No Chance to Make It Right: Life without Parole for Juvenile Offenders in Mississippi
NAACP Legal Defense Fund
April 2008


A Reexamination of Youth Involvement in the Adult Criminal Justice System in Washington: Implications of Recent Findings about Juvenile Recidivism and Adolescent Brain Development
Washington Coalition for the Just Treatment of Youth
January 2009


Journal Articles (sorted by date)

Getting Juvenile Life Without Parole “Right” After Miller v. Alabama
Doriane Lambelet Coleman and James E. Coleman Jr., Duke Journal of Constitutional Law and Public Policy Special Issue, Volume 8, 2012

The Eighth Amendment Evolves: Defining Cruel and Unusual Punishment through the Lens of Childhood and Adolescence
Marsha Levick, Jessica Feierman, et al., University of Pennsylvania Journal of Law and Social Change, Volume 15, Number 2, 2012

Constitutional Sentences for Juveniles Convicted of Felony Murder in the Wake of Roper, Graham & J.D.B.
Emily C. Keller, Staff Attorney for JLC, Connecticut Public Interest Law Journal, Volume 11, Issue 2, 2012.

Juveniles Are Different: Juvenile Life without Parole After Graham v. Florida
Michael Barbee, Mississippi Law Journal, Volume 81, Issue 2, 2011


Psychological Research

Should the Science of Adolescent Brain Development Inform Public Policy?
Laurence Steinberg, Issues of Science and Technology, Spring 2012

Clinicians’ Transfer Evaluations: How Well Can They Assist Judicial Discretion?
Thomas Grisso, Louisiana Law Review, Volume 71, 2010

Adolescent Development and the Regulation of Youth Crime
Elizabeth Scott and Laurence Steinberg, Future of Children Juvenile Justice Journal, Volume 18 Number 2, Fall 2008