- Report of the Special Rapporteur on contemporary forms of racism, racial
discrimination, xenophobia and related intolerance, United Nations, General Assembly (.pdf)
- CRC – Children’s Rights in Juvenile Justice (.doc)
- Rights of the Child (UN Study on Violence Against Children) (.pdf)
- CERD – Concluding Observations USA 2008 (.doc)
- CAT – Conclusions and Recommendations of the Committee against Torture USA 2006 (.doc)
- HRC – ICCPR Concluding Observations USA (.pdf)
- U.S. Follow up report on CERD (.doc)
- GA Resolution 2007 (.docx)
- (Click here for Adobe Reader)
Is JLWOP a violation of human rights?
Yes. International human rights law prohibits life without parole sentences for those who commit their crimes before the age of 18, a prohibition that is universally applied outside of the United States. The United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC), which only the United States and Somalia have refused to ratify, explicitly prohibits life without parole sentences. Additionally, JLWOP violates or drastically undermines at least three international treaties to which the United States is a party: the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights; the Convention Against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment; and the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination. The international committees responsible for monitoring compliance with these treaties have criticized the United States for its continued use of JLWOP as a form of punishment.