California

When I Die, They’ll Send Me Home: Youth Sentenced to Life without Parole in California
Human Rights Watch
January 2008

Connecticut

Youth Matters: A Second Look for Connecticut’s Children Serving Long Prison Sentences
Civil Justice Clinic at Quinnipiac School of Law and Allard K. Lowenstein International Human Rights Clinic at Yale School of Law
March 2013

Juvenile Justice Reform in Connecticut: How Collaboration and Commitment Have Improved Public Safety and Outcomes for Youth
Justice Policy Institute
February 2013

Florida

Branded for Life: Florida’s Prosecution of Children as Adults under its ‘Direct File’ Statute
Human Rights Watch
April 2014

Juvenile Life without Parole for Non-Homicide Offences: Florida Compared to Nation
Florida State University
September 2009

Illinois

Categorically Less Culpable: Children Sentenced to Life without the Possibility of Parole in Illinois
The Illinois Coalition for the Fair Sentencing of Children
February 2008

Massachusetts

Until They Die A Natural Death: Youth Sentenced to Life Without Parole in Massachusetts
Children’s Law Center of Massachusetts
September 2009

Michigan

There is No Meaningful Opportunity in Meaningless Data: Why it is Unconstitutional to Use Life Expectancy Tables in Post-Graham SentencesStacie Nelson Colling, Esq. and Adele Cummings, Ph.D.

Michigan Life Expectancy Data for Youth Serving Natural Life Sentences
ACLU of Michigan, Juvenile Life without Parole Initiative
April 2013

Basic Decency: Protecting the Human Rights of Children
An examination of natural life sentences for Michigan’s children, Second Chances 4 Youth

Second Chances: Juveniles Serving Life Sentences without Parole in Michigan Prisons
ACLU
January 2006

Mississippi

No Chance to Make It Right: Life without Parole for Juvenile Offenders in Mississippi
NAACP Legal Defense Fund
April 2008

Washington

A Reexamination of Youth Involvement in the Adult Criminal Justice System in Washington: Implications of Recent Findings about Juvenile Recidivism and Adolescent Brain Development
Washington Coalition for the Just Treatment of Youth
January 2009